The expression of moral absolutes (i.e., Beliefs and Moral Absolutism) covers conceptions that relate to moral norms that forbid certain actions that are characterized as wrong. Similarly, this concept of moral absolutism reflects morality upon particular situations that can be determined by using a set list of principles.
Beliefs and Moral Absolutism
Moral absolutism is the belief that an absolute, unbreakable, and universal foundation exists (“University of Idaho,” n.d.). However, this kind of theory does not mention what the exact foundation is, nor does it suggest that every law and rule is absolute and universal (“What does moral absolutism,” n.d.). In relation to basic beliefs, there are divine schools that emphasize the understanding and compliance to rules as the basis for morality (e.g. deontology school of ethics). In relation, schools that include consequentialism states an act is moral if it has a good result. Moreover, virtue ethics instructs as good actions originate from one’s good character. Lastly, ethical relativism declares that people and societies can choose their own morality.
Non-Archaic traditions follow the absolute standard of good. In this natural mindset of non-archaic traditions, human nature provides that torturing innocents is bad; thus, is an absolute standard of good. In brief, according to natural law, mankind must continue while having both the mother and the father present—in monogamy—to ensure an adequate upbringing for their children. In relation, psychologists mention that this motive is in our genes.
Contractatrianism vs. Divine Command Theory
Contractrianism is a kind of technique that is considered more straightforward. Contractarianism expresses an act as moral if it cause individuals and/or groups to the expression of moral absolutes covers conceptions that relate to moral norms that forbid certain actions that are characterized as wrong. Similarly, this concept of moral absolutism reflects coincide by using a contract. In relation, this contract is acceptable as a verbal promise, a legal document, or the inferred agreement by a citizen to abide by civil laws in return for peace and the pursuit of happiness. Similarly, moral truth is the ultimate judge. While considering moral truth, most argue, “Who are you to judge?” and “Who would you rather have judge, animals?” (“All About Philosophy,” n.d.).
In relation to the divine command theory, the authority originates from a higher being (i.e. a God). There must be a given guideline that holds humanity to this absolute standard. Ultimately, this particular standard cannot have a human origin, due to mankind’s limit in logic and knowledge, compared to the Supreme Being (i.e. deity) (“What does moral absolutism,” n.d.). For example, God’s justice must be satisfied; a man is required to completely obey the laws of God. Thereafter, ultimately die as a sacrifice on behalf of the people who were in rebellion to His law. For instance, within the Old Testament, certain men (e.g. Adam, Joseph, and David) were seekers for Christ by believing God’s promise (“Category Archives: Moral Absolutism,” n.d.).
Conclusively, moral absolutism is the lone philosophy of secular ethics that instructs that certain actions possess moral value in and of themselves, while remaining independent of intent and consequence. [In brief, most scholars rooted truth that is based upon]… knowledge, aesthetic experience, work and play, human life and health, marriage, personal integrity, and the good of religion.” (“Moral Absolutes and the Moral Life,” 2011).
The Public Source. 2011. “Moral Absolutes and the Moral Life”
Retrieved January 9, 2016 (http://www.thepublicdiscourse.com/2011/11/4294/)
The Compelling Truth. “What Does Moral Absolutism Say about Ethics and Morality?”
Retrieved January 9, 2016 (http://www.compellingtruth.org/moral-absolutism.html)
University of Idaho. “Glossary for Test One – Honors Ethics”
Retrieved January 7, 2016 (http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/jcanders/Ethics/Ethics%20Tests/Glossary%20for%20Test%201.htm)
Christian Theology. “Category Archives: Moral Absolute”
Retrieved January 8, 2016 (https://christiantheology.wordpress.com/category/ethics/moral-absolutism/)
The Way of Lord Jesus. “Moral Absolutes vs. Utilitarianism/Consequentialism/Proportionalism”